The purpose of Cost Centre Classes is to facilitate predetermined allocation of cost centres to Ledger accounts (like expenses and incomes) during voucher entry.
The Automation of cost centre allocation involves creation of classes and predefining percentages for cost centres.
Cost centre classes affect all voucher types. In voucher entry, depending upon the cost centre class, the allocation will be carried out in the background without the allocation screen being displayed at all.
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Voucher Entry using Cost Centre Class
Before you select classes , it is advisable to create the cost centre structure.
Define the Classes required and indicate which cost centres will be affected for each class. For example, you might have the following structure:
Where Divisions and Departments are Cost Categories and the others are cost centres.
Now, you would like to allocate sales to the following Cost Centre Classes:
● Export Class - to allocate 100% of Export sales to the cost centre Export
● Wholesale Class - to allocate 100% of wholesale sales to the cost centre Wholesale
● Retail Class - to allocate 100% of retail sales to the cost centre Retail
You would also like to allocate all the sales (Export, Wholesale and Retail) to the Marketing Department.
Along with the above mentioned, you would also like to allocate Marketing Expenses on a pro-rata in the following manner:
● Finance – 50%
● Marketing – 50%
With this structure, let us now set up the classes.
To set up Cost Centre Classes
1. Go to Gateway of Tally > F11: Features > F1: Accounting Features . Set the option Use pre-defined cost centre allocations in transactions to Yes .
(The other options can remain as previously set and are not discussed here.)
2. Click Enter , which will pop up Auto Cost Allocations-Cost Centre Classes creation screen. Type the Class name and select the Categories and the respective cost centres. Specify the percentage of allocation . After entry, your auto-cost allocation screen will be displayed as shown:
You have created the Cost Centre Classes as Export, Wholesale, Retail and Marketing Expenses. Divisions and Departments are cost categories. Export, Wholesale and Retail are cost centres under Divisions. Marketing and Finance are cost centres under Departments.
It is not necessary to have the same names for the classes and the cost centres, as shown in the above example.
Each voucher now contains the Cost Centre/Classes option at its head. Select Not Applicable in case you want to allocate manually. Select a cost centre class to auto-allocate according to the predefined percentages set in that class.
Let us examine this with two examples, a sales entry and a payment entry.
In sales, let us select Export as the Cost Centre Class .
1. Go to the Voucher Entry Screen.
2. Select F8: Sales.
3. Select one of the classes created earlier, in this case Export.
4. Now enter the sales invoice . The cost centre allocation sub-screen will not be displayed but the allocation will be done automatically.
5. After accepting the entry, check the cost centre displays to verify whether the allocation was done correctly.
6. Similarly, when you press F5: Payment , similar options are displayed. Select Marketing Expenses in that case. The cost centre allocation sub-screen will not be displayed but the allocation will be done automatically.
7. Use PgUp to check the entry in alteration mode. It will display the allocation in the voucher.
8. Check the cost centre reports for allocation.
Note: You can combine Voucher Class and Cost centre class to maximize automation.
'Cost Centre Class' has been shared with