As per section 194A of the Income Tax Act, TDS has to be deducted on interest paid towards overdue amounts or on loans taken from parties.
When transaction is recorded for payment or booking of the interest (expense) without deducting TDS, a separate transaction is recorded to deduct TDS for this interest amount. However, the transaction recorded for TDS deduction should be linked to the transaction recorded for interest amount. Tally.ERP enables you to link these transactions by flagging the interest paid transaction as an exception.
Additionally, you can use the voucher class feature in Tally.ERP 9 to help you automatically calculate the interest amount and the TDS amount on the interest.
Follow the cycle given below for an error-free and easy method of deducting TDS on interest amount:
1. Enable interest calculation.
2. Enable credit note/debit note voucher types.
3. Create a credit note voucher class for enabling automatic calculation of interest in the voucher.
4. Create the party master and enable the Activate interest calculation? option in the party master. PAN details are mandatory for TDS transactions.
5. Create the Nature of payment.
6. Create TDS duty ledger and TDS expense ledger and select the same Nature of payment in both ledger masters.
7. Create a receipt/journal voucher to record the payment from the party, or to record the receipt of loan from the party.
8. Create a credit note using the voucher class that was created to account for the interest payable.
9. Resolve the exceptions of the credit note transaction in the TDS Form report.
10. Create a TDS deduction journal voucher. Link the TDS deduction transaction to the credit note using the TDS reference generated while resolving the exception.
11. Create a payment voucher to record payments made to the party. You can record payments of only the interest amount or both the principal and the interest amount.
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