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Reconciliation of Bank Statements in TallyPrime

A Bank Reconciliation is a process to match all the transactions and bank balances of an organisation with the accounting records of the organisation for a particular period. You can perform the reconciliation manually as well as automatically. You can set the date from when you want to perform the reconciliation. The unreconciled transactions of the current year appear in the Opening BRS of the next year, you can remove the Opening BRS if not required. You can also compare the bank book with the cash book or two or more banks.

The Bank Reconciliation is one of the prerequisites of auditing and verification of the correctness of accounts at the year-end. The purpose of reconciling bank statements is to avoid any missing transactions or any mismatch in the bank book and in the cash book of your company. The reason for the mismatch can be cases where a cheque was issued but not presented, a cheque collected but not deposited or even in cases of the cheque was dishonoured.

TallyPrime provides you with the flexibility to perform reconciliation automatically. You need to configure your bank ledger for auto reconciliation and then import the bank statements in the format of Excel, MT940 or .CSV files. Once imported the reconciliation is done automatically. It is of utmost importance to record the transactions with the Instrument number and date, which is required while performing auto-reconciliation. This avoids the possibility of mapping the wrong entry while performing the reconciliation. If the auto-reconciliation option is enabled for your bank ledger, you can still perform manual reconciliation if needed. In manual reconciliation, you need to manually enter the bank date against each transaction.

You can reconcile or delete the unreconciled transactions one by one or in one go. The transactions that are not recorded in the company books but were executed by the bank can be recorded by creating vouchers directly from the Bank Reconciliation Statement. 

If you want to split your current company to create a new company then all the unreconciled transactions automatically get updated in the Opening BRS. After creating a new company if you don’t need the unreconciled transaction details then you can remove the Opening BRS.

Reconcile Bank Transactions Automatically

If you want to reconcile your bank transactions automatically without spending much time then you can enable the option of auto-reconciliation in your bank ledger. Auto-reconciliation minimises the time spent on reconciling bank ledgers and the risk of making errors.

To reconcile the bank ledgers automatically,

  • You need to download the bank statements and import the same in TallyPrime.
  • After import, bank dates will automatically be filled in the Bank Dates field in the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
  • At the time of reconciliation, TallyPrime matches the instrument number and instrument date between the bank statements and the transactions recorded in the system.

In case of any entries that are recorded in the books but not cleared in the bank, those are not reconciled and can be reconciled again by importing the statements once it is cleared in the bank. Additionally, entries such as bank charges or interest received which are executed at the bank’s end but not yet reflected in the books of accounts appear under the Amount Not Reflected in Company Books in the reconciliation statement. For those entries, you can record the transactions directly from the reconciliation screen and complete the reconciliation. You can access bank reconciliation to print the reconciliation statements, according to your requirements. 

The statements can be imported in the format of Excel, MT940 or .CSV files.

In this section

Configure bank ledger to perform auto reconciliation

If you want to auto-reconcile your bank statement with the transactions, you can configure your bank ledger accordingly and set the path for new and imported bank statements. You can configure your bank ledger for auto-reconciliation only for selected banks.

  1. Open the bank ledger.
    1. Press Alt+G (Go To) > Alter Master > type or select Ledger > and press Enter.
      Alternatively, Gateway of Tally > Alter > type or select Ledger > and press Enter.
    2. Select the bank ledger. For example, Kotak Mahindra Bank.
  2. Enable auto-reconciliation in the bank ledger.
    1. In the Ledger Creation/Alteration screen for bank ledger, press F12 (Configure).
    2. Enable Set Bank Reconciliation and e-Payments.
    3. Press Ctrl+A to accept the screen.
  3. Configure auto-reconciliation.
    1. In the bank ledger, under Bank Configuration, set Enable Auto Reconciliation as Yes.
      The option Set/Alter Auto Reconciliation configuration appears.
    2. Enable Set/Alter Auto Reconciliation configuration to set the path for new and imported bank statements.
      The Data Path can be any folder in your local computer, depending on your preference.
      Set path for bank statements for auto recon
  4. As always, press Ctrl+A to accept the screen.

After the bank ledger is configured with auto-reconciliation, you can automatically reconcile your bank transactions.

Set the effective date for auto reconciliation

TallyPrime provides you with the flexibility to set an effective date for your bank reconciliation. The effective date is generally the Books beginning from date which means that the auto-reconciliation can start from the Books beginning from date. However, you can also change the date as per your requirements.

  1. Open the bank ledger.
    1. Press Alt+G (Go To) > Alter Master > type or select Ledger > and press Enter.
      Alternatively, Gateway of Tally > Alter > type or select Ledger > and press Enter.
    2. Select the bank ledger. For example, Kotak Mahindra Bank.
  2. Enable effective date for reconciliation.
    1. In the Ledger Creation/Alteration screen for the bank ledger, press F12 (Configure).
    2. Enable Provide Effective Date of Bank Reconciliation for Bank Ledgers.
    3. Press Ctrl+A to accept the screen.
  3. Modify the effective date for reconciliation.
    1. In the bank ledger, Effective Date for Reconciliation is prefilled with Books beginning from date. You can modify the date as per your need.
      Based on the effective date set for bank reconciliation, the transactions can be reconciled with the bank statements.
    2. As always, press Ctrl+A to accept the screen.

Once you set the effective date, you can perform auto-reconciliation from that date.

View and configure bank reconciliation

After you import the bank statement, the entries are auto-reconciled. You can see the Bank Date column updated with the bank dates when the transactions are cleared in the bank. You can also view the reconciliation screen by including the reconciled transactions or view either debit or credit entries. From the reconciliation screen of one bank, you can go to another bank reconciliation screen. Additionally, you can configure the screen and add other details as per your requirements.

  1. Press Alt+G (Go To) > type or select Bank Reconciliation > and press Enter.
    Alternatively, Gateway of Tally > Banking Bank Reconciliation > and press Enter.
  2. Select the required bank ledger from the List of Bank Ledgers, as shown below.
    The Bank Reconciliation screen appears.

You can customise the Bank Reconciliation Statement to view it as per your requirements.

  • F4 (Bank): You can switch to another bank to view the Bank Reconciliation Statement of that bank.
  • Ctrl+B (Basis of Values): You can configure the Bank Reconciliation Statement with the details as per your business needs.
    • Type of Voucher Entries: You can view all the vouchers together or select only debit or credit entries.
    • Include Reconciled Transactions: Once the transactions are reconciled, it is removed from the reconciliation list. You can enable this option to include reconciled transactions.
    • Include all Unreconciled transactions till date: Displays the list of unreconciled transactions till the date when you are performing bank reconciliation.
    • Include Unlinked transactions: Displays the list of unlinked transactions.
  • Ctrl+J (Exception Reports): You can view the Optional and Post-Dated Vouchers from this option.
  • Alt+H (Opening BRS): From this option, you can view the Opening BRS for all the unreconciled transactions after you split the company.
  • Alt+S (Set Bank Date): To set a bank date for all the transactions for reconciliation, press Alt+S. The Set Bank Date sub-screen appears as shown below:
    bank-reconciliation-set-bank-date-tally
    • Instrument DateOn selecting Instrument Date as the Bank Date Type, the Bank Date field for all the transactions in the Bank Reconciliation screen is filled with the instrument date entered for that transaction in the Bank Allocations screen.
    • New Date: On selecting New Date as the Bank Date Type, a new field Date appears in the Set Bank Date sub-screen.
      Specify the required bank date that is to be filled for all the transactions in the Bank Reconciliation screen.
      bank-reconciliation-new-bank-date-tally
    • Voucher Date: On selecting Voucher Date as the Bank Date Type, the Bank Date field for all the transactions in the Bank Reconciliation screen is filled with the Date of Voucher.

Apart from the above-mentioned options, you can further configure your report from F12 (Configure).

  • Show Narrations: Set this option to Yes to display the narration in the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
  • Show Favouring Name/Received From: Set this option to Yes to display the Payment Favouring/Received From details in the Bank Reconciliation Statement. The Favouring Name column displays only those names that are different from the Party/Ledger account names.
  • Show Remarks: Set this option to Yes to display the remarks in the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
  • Show Forex details: Set this option to Yes to display the Forex details in the Bank Reconciliation Statement. The options Show Forex details appear only in case the multiple currencies feature is enabled for the company.
  • Show Difference in Bank Balance: Set this option to Yes to display the difference of balance as per bank balance and balance as per imported bank statement.
  • Allow Back-dated Reconciliation: Set this option to Yes to allow reconciling back-dated transactions also.

Import bank statements to perform auto reconciliation

In the Bank Reconciliation Statement of TallyPrime, you do not need to update the Bank Date manually as you can import the bank statement to reconcile the transactions. You need to import bank statements of a specific bank to reconcile the payment transactions involving that bank in TallyPrime. The bank statements get imported in a format such that TallyPrime can derive date from the same. The format can be .xml, delimited or others, as applicable to the bank. Auto Reconciliations are done when the transaction details along with the amount and date as per the accounting records of the organisation match with the imported bank statement. If the transaction value and date match but the payment details such as the cheque number do not match then those transactions are not auto-reconciled. Hence, it is important to record the Instrument Number and Instrument Date while recording the transaction.

Furthermore, if the Instrument Number and Date are missing in a transaction, then importing bank statements will help you to link the unlinked transactions in TallyPrime. You can even create a voucher on the go if the transaction against a specific entry in the bank statement is missing.

  1. Open Bank Reconciliation Statement.
    1. Press Alt+G (Go To) > type or select Bank Reconciliation > and press Enter.
      Alternatively, Gateway of Tally > Banking Bank Reconciliation > and press Enter.
    2. Select the required bank ledger from the List of Bank Ledgers, as shown below:
      The Bank Reconciliation screen appears.
      Select bank from list of bank ledgers
  2. Import bank statements. 
    1. In the Bank Reconciliation statement, click Alt+O (Import) > Bank Statement to import the bank statements.
    2. Select the File Name (bank statement downloaded from the bank) in the Import Bank Statement screen, as shown below:
      Import bank statement
    3. Press Enter. A confirmation message with the Total Entries in Bank Statement, the number of Reconciled transactions, and Additional Bank Entries appear, as shown below:
      bank statement import success message

On importing the bank statement, the Bank Date appears for the reconciled transactions. The additional entries present in the bank statement appear under Amounts not Reflected in Company Books.

Reconcile or delete unlinked transactions from bank reconciliation

Once the auto-reconciliation is done, there might be certain transactions which remain unreconciled or unlinked. This can happen when the transaction details do not match with the bank statement or any transactions recorded in the books but not yet cleared in the bank. You can reconcile those unlinked transactions individually or together in one go. If there are duplicate unlinked transactions, you can delete those individually or together in one go.

You can reconcile unlinked transactions one by one.

  1. In the Bank Reconciliation Statement, select the transaction to be reconciled displayed under Amount Not Reflected in Company Books.
  2. Press Alt+Q (Reconcile Unlinked). 
    The transactions from the company books matching the unlinked transaction amount are displayed for selection in the Unreconciled Transactions screen.
  3. Select the appropriate transaction using the spacebar and press Enter.
    The status Reconciled Successfully is displayed.

You can also reconcile unlinked transactions in one go. 

  1. In the Bank Reconciliation Statement, press Alt+R (Reconcile All Unlinked) in order to perform the reconciliation without changing the transaction details in the books.
    The Unreconciled Transactions screen displays the matching transactions. The amount not reconciled in the bank statement is displayed under Transaction from Bank Statements to be Reconciled. 
  2. Press Enter to link the selected transaction and to reconcile. After the reconciliation, the status Reconciled Successfully is displayed. The reconciled lines will get saved as soon as the bank date is updated against the transaction.
  3. Press Esc to skip the current transaction and proceed to the next for reconciliation.
  4. Press Alt+S (Stop) to stop the reconciliation process if you want to perform the reconciliation properly by changing the transaction details and re-importing the bank statement to complete the auto-reconciliation.

Apart from reconciling you can also delete the unlinked transactions one by one or in one go in the Bank Reconciliation Statement. If there are transactions recorded in the books for which the payment was cancelled but the transactions were not deleted or if there are transactions recorded twice then you can delete such transactions in the bank reconciliation.

  • Press Alt+V (Delete Unlinked) to delete the unlinked transaction one by one.
  • Press Alt+W (Delete All Unlinked) to delete all the unlinked transactions in one go.

Create new vouchers to reconcile the unreconciled transactions

There are transactions that are executed from the bank side such as bank charges, bank interest or any cheque that is deposited directly into the bank. In such cases, the entries are not recorded in the books and at the time of reconciliation those entries show the difference between bank statements and company books. You can directly create vouchers from the bank reconciliation statement and record those missing transactions.

  1. In the Bank Reconciliation screen, select the transaction to be reconciled displayed under Amount Not Reflected in Company Books.
  2. Press Alt+J (Create Voucher). The Payment Voucher screen appears by default. You can switch to other vouchers as per your requirement.
    Creating a voucher may impact the voucher numbering of your transactions. To know more, refer to Voucher Numbering.
  3. Enter and accept the transaction according to the transaction displayed in the Amount Not Reflected in Company Books section.

The details displayed under the Amount Not Reflected in Company Books section are removed indicating that the corresponding entry is found in the books of accounts.

Print Bank Reconciliation Statement

In your business, if there is a practice to maintain the print copy of the reconciliation statement along with the bank statement after the reconciliation is done then you can print the Bank Reconciliation Statement screen for the required bank. Such documents can be a part of auditing where the auditors can match the bank balance as per the bank statement and the printed bank reconciliation statement for a particular period.

  1. Open Bank Reconciliation.
    1. Press Alt+G (Go To) > type or select Bank Reconciliation > and press Enter.
      Alternatively, Gateway of Tally > Banking > Bank Reconciliation > and press Enter.
    2. Select the required Bank account from List of Bank Ledgers.
      The Bank Reconciliation screen appears.
  2. Print the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
    1. Press Ctrl+P.
      The Print Report screen appears.
      bank-reconciliation-print-tally
    2. Press C (Configure) to set the following options:
      • Show Narrations: Set this option to Yes to display the narration in the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
      • Show Favouring Name/Received From: Set this option to Yes to display the Payment Favouring/Received From details in the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
      • Show Remarks: Set this option to Yes to display the remarks in the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
      • Show Forex details: Set this option to Yes to display the Forex details in the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
      • Type of Voucher entries: By default, this is selected as All Vouchers, select the required option from the Ledger Entries list.
      • Include Reconciled transactions: Set this option to Yes to display the reconciled transactions also in the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
      • Show all Unreconciled transactions till date: Set this option to Yes to display all the Unreconciled Transactions till the given date, irrespective of the From date set in the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
      • Allow Back-dated Reconciliation: Set this option to Yes to allow reconciling back-dated transactions also.
  3. Press Esc to return to the print screen, and press P (Print) to Print or (Preview) to view the print preview.

Re-import the Bank Statement

While performing the auto-reconciliation after importing the bank statement, there can be a few transactions that remain unreconciled due to differences in transaction details or transactions such as bank charges, bank interest or even any cheque that was cleared by the bank but not yet recorded in the books. In such cases, once the transaction details are corrected or new entries are recorded you can re-import the bank statement and perform the reconciliation for the unreconciled transactions.

While selecting the bank statement for importing, all the statement including the ones which is already imported is displayed. You can hide the already imported statement.

  1. Press Alt+I (Import) > Bank Statement from the Bank Reconciliation Statement. The Import Bank Statement screen appears, as shown below:
    bank-reconciliation-import-bank-statement-tally-1
  2. While re-importing the bank statement, if you want to view only the current downloaded statement then press Alt+H (Hide Imported) to hide the previously imported statement.
    The Alt+H is a toggle button which can also be used to Show Imported statements.
    If an attempt is made to re-import the bank statement, a message Bank Statement already Imported Continue? Yes or No is displayed, as shown below:
    Reimport statement
  3. Press Yes to re-import the bank statement.

To know more about the list of banks supporting Auto-Reconciliation, click here.

Reconcile Bank Transactions Manually

You can perform bank reconciliation manually if your organisation follows the practice of doing manual reconciliation. Bank reconciliation can also be done manually if you cannot download your bank statement in the format required to perform auto-reconciliation. In manual reconciliation, you need to manually update the bank clearing date against each transaction. If the number of transactions is high, you can filter the report to display transactions based on Amount, Bank Date, Instrument No., Instrument Date, Party ledger and so on to reduce the number of transactions on the screen to perform manual reconciliation. 

Once the reconciliation is done, if you want to alter the voucher then you can directly do so from the Bank Reconciliation Statement. 

In this section

Alter reconciled voucher 

After performing the reconciliation of your bank transactions, you may need to alter the reconciled vouchers to change or split the amount of the voucher. In such a case, TallyPrime displays the message asking for confirmation to continue with the alteration. You can later reconcile the voucher from the Day Book, Bank Reconciliation, or voucher reports. For example, you need to alter a voucher dated 1.5.2023 (already reconciled) where you have issued a cheque for Rs. 1,00,000 to National Traders and while recording the transaction you have mentioned it as Rs.10,000 by mistake. Hence you need to alter the voucher to correct the amount. On saving this voucher TallyPrime displays the message indicating Altering Reconciled Voucher will remove the Bank Date as it may not match the Bank Balance in BRS.

  1. Open the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
    1. Press Alt+G (Go To) > type or select Bank Reconciliation > and press Enter.
      Alternatively, Gateway of Tally > Banking > Bank Reconciliation > and press Enter.
    2. Select the required Bank account from the List of Bank Ledgers.
      The Bank Reconciliation screen appears.
  2. Open the reconciled transactions.
    1. Press Ctrl+B (Basis of Values).
    2. Enable Include Reconciled transactions.
  3. Alter the reconciled voucher.
    1. Click on the voucher you need to alter.
    2. From the Bank Date field, press Ctrl+Enter to open the Accounting Voucher Alteration screen.
    3. Ensure to enable the option Remove Bank Date while altering Reconciled Voucher from F12 (Configure).
    4. Alter the amount as required. In this example, update the amount to Rs.1,00,000.
    5. Press Ctrl+A to save the voucher.
      The message Altering Reconciled Voucher will remove the Bank Date as it may not match the Bank Balance in BRSContinue? Yes or No appears.
      Alter the voucher
  4. Press Yes to save the voucher.

In the Bank Reconciliation screen, the Bank Date will not appear for that voucher.

Filter the report to view transactions based on the range of information

If the number of transactions is high then you can filter the report based on the range of information such as Amount, Bank Date, Instrument No., Instrument Date, Party ledger and so on. This will reduce the number of transactions on the screen and it will be easier to reconcile the transactions manually.

  1. In the Bank Reconciliation Statement, press Alt+F12 (Range).
    The Filtration Report screen appears. 
  2. Enter the details to filter the report based on Amount, Instrument No., Instrument Date and so on.
    The Bank Reconciliation Statement displays the list of transactions matching the range of information given to filter the report.
    Range Filter
  3. Enter the Bank Date manually to reconcile the transactions.

Based on the range of information once you filter the BRS, you can easily reconcile the transactions.

Record the Reconciliation of any Date

Bank accounts may have a different Starting Date for reconciliation purposes. When you create a bank ledger, you can give an Effective Date for Reconciliation. Normally, this would be the Books beginning from date itself but you can change the date and set it from when you want to start the reconciliation. Once this is done, entries made earlier than the reconciliation date will not appear for reconciliation but will appear as Opening BRS in the Bank Reconciliation screen.

It is not a real-time task, hence it is not done on the first day of the next year. For example, if the bank reconciliation date is set from 1st April 2023, and you have not done the reconciliation till 31st May 2023, you can select the month from which you need to perform the reconciliation.

You can view the bank ledger from any report such as Balance SheetTrial Balance or Cash/Bank Book(s).

  1. Press Alt+G (Go To) > type or select Balance Sheet > and press Enter.
    Alternatively, Gateway of Tally > Balance Sheet > and press Enter.
  2. Bring your cursor to Current Assets and press Enter.
  3. Select the required bank ledger and press Enter.
  4. Bring the cursor to the first month (typically April), and press Enter. This brings up the vouchers for the month of April.
  5. Press Alt+R (Reconcile) to view the Bank Reconciliation Statement.
    The display goes to the Reconciliation mode, which can be edited. You can see the column for Bank Date to enter the date when the transactions are cleared in the bank.
    Bank Reconciliation screen

The fields at the bottom of the screen show:

  • Balance as per Company Books: It reflects the balance as of the last date (in the example, it is 30th April).
  • Amount not reflected in Bank: It is the debit and credit sums of all those vouchers, whose Bank Date is either BLANK or LATER than 30-Apr (i.e. these vouchers have not yet been reflected in the bank statement).
  • Amount not reflected in Company Books: These are entries that are present in the bank statement but are not recorded in the company’s books.
  • Balance as per Bank: It is the net effect of the Book Balance offset by the amounts not reflected in the Bank – which must be equal to the balance in the bank statement.
  • Balance as per Imported Bank Statement: It refers to the balance displayed on importing the bank statement for reconciliation.
  • Difference: You can see the difference in Balance as per Bank and Balance as per the Imported Bank Statement.

Remove Opening BRS After Splitting the Company Data

When you split the company data, the unreconciled transactions are automatically updated in the Opening BRS details of the new company. After splitting the company if you have created a new company and don’t want to view the unreconciled transactions under Opening BRS then you can remove selected or all unreconciled transactions from the Opening BRS.

  1. Open Bank Reconciliation of the new company.
    1. Open the new company.
    2. Press Alt+G (Go To) > type or select Bank Reconciliation > and press Enter.
      Alternatively, Gateway of Tally > Banking > Bank Reconciliation > and press Enter.
    3. Select the desired bank from the List of Bank Ledgers screen.
      The Bank Reconciliation screen appears.
  2. View and remove unreconciled transactions.
    1. Press Alt+H (Opening BRS) to view the Opening Bank Allocations screen.
      The list of all unreconciled transactions of the particular bank ledger appears in the Opening Bank Allocations screen.
    2. Press Spacebar on the date displayed under the Date column to remove the transaction from the unreconciled list.
    3. Press Alt+J (Delete All) in the Opening Bank Allocations screen to delete all the transactions from the unreconciled list.
      Opening BRS
  3. Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

Compare Between Bank Book and Cash Book

In TallyPrime you can compare bank books with cash books or two or more banks by using the multi-columnar reporting facility. The comparison of information for multiple periods (year, month, or user-defined period) for two or more banks can be done on the same screen, instead of toggling between different periods/ledgers. Compare two or more of your bank accounts to see the transactions done in each bank and to decide from which bank you can make the payment and in which bank you should receive money.

  1. Press Alt+G (Go To) > type or select Cash/Bank Book and press Enter.
    Alternatively, Gateway of Tally Display More Reports > Account Books Cash/Bank Book(s).
  2. Select the Cash or Bank Account.
    The Ledger Monthly Summary screen appears.
  3. Press Alt+C (New Column) and select the Name of Ledger.
    Based on the option selected, TallyPrime displays comparisons as shown below:
    Compare between banks

You can view the details of the transaction along with the closing balance for both banks on a single screen. To view the average of the transactions or the highest and lowest balance in a month, you can press F12 (Configure) and enable Show Average and Show Highest and Lowest Balance.

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